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Technical paper: Predicting the dynamics of ground settlement and its derivities caused by tunnelling in soil

By P B Attewell and J P Woodman, University of Durham

This paper was first published in GE’s November 1982 issue


Equations are developed for the prediction of the three-dimensional ground movements and strains caused by tunnelling in soil. In this paper predicted settlements are compared with some reported case histories and a worked example for the calculation of deformations and strains is given. 

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