Roy K Taylor, PhD, Engineering Geology Laboratories, University of Durham. This paper was first published in GE’s January 1975 edition.
As a venue for last September’s Regional Meeting of the Engineering Group of the Geological Society at which the conference theme was the engineering geology of tunnels, Liverpool University was very fitting indeed. G. S. Dodds (Mott, Hay and Anderson) pointed out that the earliest known tunnel in the City was some 6m below James Street. This tunnel was in fact driven from the Castle to the foreshore in the days of King John (1100AD) .